What is the New York Stock Exchange and how does it work?

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the largest stock exchange in the world. The New York Stock Exchange is the world’s largest stock exchange. It offers a place for millions of corporate shares to be bought and sold each day. The NYSE is a listing of many of the S&P500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average as well as the largest corporations in the world. The company has over 2,000 workers and is publicly traded. The ticker is NYSE:ICE. Intercontinental Exchange acquired the NYSE in June 2013.

The Key Takeaways

  • The NYSE was founded in 1792 at 68 Wall Street and is the largest stock exchange in the world, based on its volume of trading.
  • ICE owns NYSE after purchasing it in 2013.
  • Trading can now be done electronically or by the traditional floor traders using their open outcry method.


The NYSE Work

New York Stock Exchange offers two trading methods: electronic and brokers. All stock exchanges are auctions, regardless of how they’re conducted.

Stocks are actively traded on the NYSE floor by brokers. The highest bidder wins the auction. Brokers represent the entity that is buying the stock. This could be a retail brokerage firm or an institutional investor such as a pension fund. Brokers set the “bid”, which is what you are willing to pay, for the stock.

Your stockbroker will not complete your sale until a dealer on the floor at the New York Stock Exchange has found another broker who is willing to purchase it. Brokers and dealers are required to be approved by NYSE before trading and have a trading licence.

They then match the stock sellers with the brokers, and they submit an “ask price”. It is usually higher than the bidding price. It’s similar to selling a house. Dealers are like real estate agents who bring together the buyer and the seller. Dealers pocket the difference in the bid and ask price minus any fees or expenses for their work.

The majority of transactions are conducted electronically. Computers act as dealers, matching buyers and sellers. Even brokers and dealers trade and get information electronically.


NYSE Hours Of Operation

The NYSE’s opening bell rings at 9:30 a.m. Eastern time, and the closing bell at 4:00 p.m. Eastern. The tradition started in 1870, when a Chinese gong was used. When the NYSE moved into its current location in 1903, they switched to brass bells. 

The NYSE will use the opening and closing bells as a way to celebrate an event in New York City, or one that is financially related. To be invited to ring the bell is considered a great honor. If a company just completed an Initial Public Offer on the NYSE, the CEO or the President of the Board can ring the NYSE Bell.


The NYSE closes for nine American holidays including New Year’s Day and Martin Luther King Day. Other American holidays include Memorial Day, Independence Day (4 July), Labor Day Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas (December 25, 25). The NYSE also closes at noon Eastern time on Black Friday (December 24) and Christmas Eve.


History of the NYSE

The NYSE was founded on May 17, 1792 under a buttonwood at 68 Wall Street. The Buttonwood Agreement, a document defining the rules of trading securities, was signed by 24 brokers and merchants. The Bank of New York was the first stock to be listed on this exchange. In 1863, the founders renamed their organization to New York Stock & Exchange Board. They then shortened it to New York Stock Exchange. Only 1,366 traders were allowed to trade. Muriel Siebert, the first woman to be allowed to trade, became the first female in 1967.

In 1971, the NYSE was reorganized as a non-profit corporation. It became a publicly-traded company in April 2006 The NYSE became a not-for-profit corporation in 1971 and a publicly traded company in April 2006.

In 2007, Euronext merged with the NYSE. The NYSE can now trade up to ten billion shares every day. In 2008, the NYSE acquired the American Stock Exchange. It focuses on a data-component=”link” data-ordinal=”2″ data source=”inlineLink” and type=”internalLink”. In 2008, NYSE acquired American Stock Exchange. The exchange focused on small caps. 

The NYSE Euronext operates three other exchanges.

  1. Arca is an electronic stock exchange that trades securities, mutual funds and options.
  2. ICE Futures Europe (formerly NYSE Liffe) trades more than 2,000 electronic futures and options contracts for gold, silver, and other commodities
  3. NYSE Bonds is an electronic exchange that trades in bonds.


FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Why did the New York Stock Exchange crash?

When the stocks on the New York Stock Exchange crash, people refer to it as “crashing”. Although it is difficult to pinpoint a single reason for any crash in the stock market, the exchange itself is probably not the primary cause. Crashing markets are often caused by unexpected economic events that have broad implications.


What time is the New York Stock Exchange opened in GMT?

New York Stock Exchange attracts traders from all over the globe. traders who use Greenwich Mean Time in Europe will begin trading NYSE shares at 2:30 p.m. GMT.

the authorAaron Krause

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